La Zhi Rou Jia Mo (Shaanxi Sandwich)
Chinese name: 腊汁肉夹馍
Where to eat?
You should never miss the chance to enjoy the fragrant Rou Jia Mo when having Liang Pi. Rou Jia Mo is a kind of toasted wheat flour flat bread stuffed by finely braised and chopped pork. The combination of these two kinds of foods is said to be the ideal dinner for the locals all the year round, just costing no more than CNY10. In fact, the tasty La Zhi Rou (cooked pork) is a kind of time-honored Xian snacks, especially cooked by the Fan's which has a 60 years' history.
Liang Pi (Cold Rice Noodles)
Chinese name: 凉皮
Where to eat?
The most popular snack of Xian should be Liang Pi, a kind of steamed cold rice noodles. This is a typical food of Shannan area and also deeply favored by Xianers for a long time. Generally, there are two kinds of Liang Pi here—Mi Pi (米皮) and Gan Mian Pi (擀面皮), and the differences between them are that the previous one is tasted a little softer and seemed whiter in color. While eaten, the rice noodles are mixed with several kinds of seasonings including special hot red pepper, sauce, salt, vinegar, mashed garlic and bean sprout.
Guan Tang Bao Zi (Dumpling Stuffed with Hot Gravy)
Chinese name: 灌汤包子
Guan Tang Bao Zi is a kind of the small-sized steamed stuffed buns, containing stuffs and the hot gravy together. It is one of the most well-known specialities of Xian, especially served by the Jia Brothers' Restaurant in the Moslem Street.
Jia Brothers' Restaurant
Chinese name: 西安贾三灌汤包子馆
When you are in Xian, it should not be missed to taste the Jia Brothers' Guan Tang Bao in the Moslem Street. It is one of the noted restaurants in Xian City, attracting a great number of locals and travelers every day. Here, you can enjoy the fresh Guan Tan Bao stuffed with mutton, beef or vegetable as well as the sweet eight-treasure porridge at a reasonable price.
Average cost: CNY15 per person
Location: No.93, Bei Yuan Men (the Moslem Street), Lianhu District, Xian City
Bus routes: Nos.4, 6, 7, 12, 32, 43, 206, 215, 300, 600, 603, 608, U-7, You8 (get off at the Bell Tower)
La Niu /Yang Rou (Cooked Beef/Mutton)
Chinese name: 腊牛羊肉
The Moslem Cooked Beef/Mutton is a traditional Xian snack which has been famous from the end of the Qing Dynasty. Firstly, the selected beef or mutton should be prepare, and then some fragrant seasonings are added, after several courses, the fresh, soft and tasty La Niu/Yang Rou is cooked well. Besides of the locals' popular snack, it is also a good gift to friends and relatives.
Rou Wan Zi Hu La Tang (Vegetable Stew with Lamb/Beef Ball)
Chinese name: 肉丸糊辣汤
This is a delicious breakfast cooked by the skillful Moslems in Xian. Usually, besides of the fresh lamb or beef balls, the soup also has several kinds of vegetable, such as potato and cabbage. In the winter morning, having a bowl of hot Hu La Tang will make your body warm promptly.
Huang Gui Shi Zi Bing (Persimmon Osmanthus)
Chinese name: 黄桂柿子饼
The material of this sweet snack is the noted persimmon produced in Lintong District, Xian. Firstly, the persimmon mixed with flour should be made into small pastes which will be stuffed with different kinds of sweet fillings. Finally, these pastes will be fried in hot edible oil until the skin turn to golden. The Moslem Street has a number of restaurants service this snack at very reasonable price all the year round.
Huang Gui Chou Jiu (Osmanthus Thick Liquor)
Chinese name: 黄桂稠酒
This liquor is a necessary drink when you enjoy the Shaanxi Cuisine. Traditionally, the sweet liquor should be made by crushing the selected glutinous rice together with the distiller's yeast and the fragrant Osmanthus. Now, there are a number of time-honored restaurants supplying this liquor, such as the Xian Restaurant.
Zeng Gao (Glutinous Rice with Jujube)
Chinese name: 甑糕
The sweet Zeng Gao is a traditional breakfast in central Shaanxi. The selected and well-arranged glutinous rice and jujube are steamed together in a certain container called Zeng for over 5 hours. Every morning, the itinerant hawker will sell Zeng Gao in the city's streets and lanes.
Feng Mi Zong Zi (Honey Glutinous Rice)
Chinese name: 蜂蜜粽子
Zong Zi (glutinous rice) is a traditional food eaten by Chinese usually in the Dragon Boat Festival yearly. However, in Shaanxi, it can be enjoyed all the year round because the locals are fond of it so much. The honey glutinous rice is a popular snack in the hot summer for its sweet and cold flavor.
Feng Mi Liang Gao (Honey Cold Glutinous Rice)
Chinese name: 蜂蜜凉糕
A little different from the Honey Glutinous Rice, this snack is added sesame and rose jam as well as cut into small pieces when eating. This sweet and cold glutinous rice is a good snack in the hot summer. It can be found everywhere in the Moslem Street. Usually, the price is CNY3-CNY5 per box.
Jing Gao (Steamed Glutinous Rice)
This steamed glutinous rice should be the cheapest but popular enough snack in the Moslem Street at a price of CNY1 for one. Although it is not very large in size, a number of sweet and fragrant jam and nut is included. It is better to eat it hot.
Fen Tang Yang Xue (Jello Stew with Rice Noodles)
Chinese name: 粉汤羊血
Another popular branch of the Yang Rou Po Mo, it mainly uses the solidified blood of sheep. When eating, the blood is cut into thin strips and accompanied with chili, bean curd and parsley in the hot soup.
Fen Zheng Rou (Steamed Meat)
Chinese name: 粉蒸肉
Firstly, the fresh beef, mutton and wheaten flour should be selected, and then pickle these materials by Chinese prickly ash, fennel and the other seasonings. After well steaming, the meat will be tasted soft and fresh enough. Now, it is a kind of popular snacks for the locals all the year round so that you can find it at any Shaanxi restaurants, especially in the Moslem Street.
Jin Xian You Ta (Crispy Fried Noodles)
Chinese name: 金线油塔
It is a traditional snack in Xian originated from the Tang Dynasty, which is noted for its complicated cooking skill, delicious flavor and unique appearance. The steamed noodles are often eaten with some tasty sauces. Besides of the local restaurants, it is easily for you to enjoy this snack in the city's streets or lanes at a very reasonable price.
Qian Xian Guo Kui (Qianxian County Crispy Pastry)
Chinese name: 乾县锅盔
Cook on a pan til dry and crispy
Guo Kui, a kind of baked wheaten cake, is a traditional homely food in Shaanxi Province. It is so noted for its large size that is said to be in the shape of a Chinese pancover. The pancake made in Qianxian County is deeply favored by the locals for its beautiful shape looking like chrysanthemum and lingering aftertaste. You can buy it both in the restaurants and in the supermarkets.
Dou Fu Nao (Extra Soft Tofu)
Chinese name: 豆腐脑
In fact, the extra soft tofu is a common snack in China, but the tofu cooked in Qianxian County, Shaanxi has kept its unique flavor. It is made of the crushed soybeans which are soaked in water firstly, and then boiled to a solid tofu. When served, a series of seasonings are added to bring out the fresh flavor. It is also a kind of welcome breakfast for locals that can be found easily.
Chao Liang Fen (Stir-fired Starch Rice Tofu)
Chinese name: 炒凉粉
Liang Fen, the cold bean jelly, is a homely food in central Shaanxi that is often cooked in hot summer. When eating, the vinegar, sauce, salt and little mustard are added. And, the stir-fired Liang Fen is more popular in winter which is added with salt, sauce and chili. Besides of the Moslem Street, you can taste Liang Fen at any Shaanxi flavor restaurants.